Finance is a broad term referring to things regarding the creation, management, accumulation, utilization, and repayment of monies and financial investments. It includes taxation, which makes financial aspects of a legal requirement. A company’s financial activities include: making purchases, selling products, renting or leasing property, paying debts, and making payments to employees, suppliers, and other organizations that make up the business.
There are four career paths in finance. They include financial accounting, financial planning, global financing, and private lending and capital markets. Those wishing to enter finance must first complete at least associate degrees in business and accounting, with courses in commerce, economics, statistics, and finance. Business and accounting students can typically expect to take four years to complete degrees in this field. Those wishing to pursue a career path in finance will likely take less time, as only an associate’s degree is required.
The field of finance is broad because it encompasses a number of different areas, including: asset management, banking, business banking, insurance, international business, government, information technology, real estate, securities, and the financial industry itself. All of these areas have distinct focuses, such as managing funds, budgeting, risk management, investing in certain ventures, or researching and analyzing the market. The topics and focus of each area may vary slightly from other areas, depending on the type of business and the individual working within it. Some careers within finance provide specialized training for future professional positions, such as auditing, forensic accounting, or international finance. Other areas of finance work with smaller businesses and individuals.
Finance graduates may work in banks, credit unions, investment companies, securities firms, or privately held companies. They may also work directly for an individual or corporation, either as a financial consultant account manager, or finance director. Many finance jobs involve developing debt resources, such as savings, investments, loans, and insurance. Graduates will also learn about money management in order to help other people, corporations, and businesses properly manage their finances.
In order to succeed in the world of finance, it is important to be skilled in finance, risk management, time management, budgeting, investment analysis, and other subjects. Graduates should also be prepared for non-profit community service and work experience. Many finance job openings require previous law school, undergraduate business, accounting, or financial courses.
While working in finance, it is important to develop and maintain excellent interpersonal and accounting skills. Good finance applicants should have excellent oral and written communication skills, be well organized, be detail oriented, and possess a wide range of computer skills. Finance professionals should be able to work independently and should be independent project managers. Finance graduates should be able to independently perform the following tasks: prepare accounting ledgers, prepare internal finance reports, produce financial statements, prepare internal accounting spreadsheets, create financial forecasts and results, prepare internal finance reports for investors, enter accounting data into a database, enter accounting information into computer programs, and understand and comply with all laws and regulations regarding finance, accounting, and business. Some other duties that may be required by some finance positions include analyzing and evaluating the performance of small business organizations, communicating internally and with external contacts, and implementing solutions to problems of certain businesses.